For freelancers who provide professional services, testimonials are an important tool. So are their first cousin – referrals. As a matter of fact, RainToday’s 2009 study, "How Clients Buy", showed referrals from colleagues and other service providers topped the list at 79% and 75%, respectively, outpacing personal recognition/awareness (73%) and in-person seminars (66%).
We all love referrals. They’re often ready-made business, endorsed by your client or associate. They significantly reduce the sales cycle, if there is a sales cycle at all. Why? Buyers often find themselves with a fire that needs to be put out -- right now. So, they scramble and call a few trusted associates for professional fire extinguishing recommendations.
We all love referrals. They’re often ready-made business, endorsed by your client or associate.
Many freelancers rely heavily on referrals. For some, it’s their only source of business. And here’s how it usually works. Mr. or Ms. Freelancer hang out their shingle and tell a few associates that they’re open for business. The associates, being the benevolent souls they are, want to help, so they tell some of their colleagues. The freelancer makes a few calls and lands a gig or two. They’re doing the happy dance. Then the phone starts to ring with a few more requests. Off they go into the merry world of self-employment.
The problem is that they’ve set up a behavior-- a habit. They wait for the phone to ring or the inbox to jingle. They think, “I do good work, so people will refer me to others.” Sorry folks, in reality, it seldom works that way. Sure, your clients might think you’re great while you’re working on their project and shortly thereafter. But, soon they forget about you until they need your services again. This non-marketing marketing method may be just peachy for a while, but, eventually the phone stops ringing and the freelancer starts to freak.
Truth be told, even in good times, waiting for the phone to ring is a bad idea. It’s simply letting your business happen to you, rather than taking responsibility and making things happen. A better idea is to have a system in place to ensure those referrals keep rolling in and that they’re quality referrals.
Tapping into the Referral Hierarchy
Many times, a referral is just a name and a phone number. The person who owns that phone number may or may not actually need your services, can’t afford them, or is a complete lousy fit for your business.
It might also be that the referrer isn’t very well known by the prospect, so there may be a lack of trust and/or credibility.
Beyond this, the referrer is putting his or her head on the chopping block and hoping you’ll come through and do a great job for their associate. For the referrer, it can be an anxiety-filled proposition.
There’s something of a hierarchy when it comes to referrals. Our existing clients, those who’ve experienced working with us first hand, are at the top of the list. Next come colleagues, such as writers, designers, photographers, coders and such. They’ve also experienced working with us, but from a different point-of-view. Then, there’s everybody else.
Couple this idea with the thought that the more referrals you get, the more business you’ll close. When scouting for referrals, it’s probably a good idea to focus your efforts on clients and project colleagues first, and then fill out your efforts with others in your business and personal networks.
Getting the Right Type of Referrals
A large part of your referral system should be educating your clients and colleagues as to what you’re looking for when it comes to referrals. How do you qualify prospects? That’s the info you need to communicate to potential referrers. Your list might include the type of project, industry, size of the prospect, whether they can pay your lofty fees, location and similar information.
In fact, the better you can define what you’re seeking, the easier it is for folks to refer you to the right contacts.
Some folks fear that by getting too specific, they run the risk of closing the door on referrals. Not so. In fact, the better you can define what you’re seeking, the easier it is for folks to refer you to the right contacts. If you’re too vague or broad in describing what you’re seeking, your contacts will struggle to match you with their contacts.
Also, it will erode your positioning. You say, “Any small to mid-size company is a prospect for us!” Your contact hears, “We’re really benign and vanilla. There’s really no good reason to hire us over the other guy.” This is especially important to consider for associates who haven’t worked with you directly.
In as much as referrals are something of a numbers game, do what you can to define those numbers as high quality and likely to yield low-lying fruit. Just make sure it’s not a lemon. It makes little sense to spin your wheels chasing a lead you’ll never close or is a bad fit.
Going Beyond the Phone Call
Don’t forget to tap into the social scene for possible referrals. If there are some prospects you’d like to work with, check your LinkedIn network to see if any of them have a contact in their network. A carefully crafted message might just do the trick. Here’s an example:
I noticed that Jack Sprat of Eat No Fat Corp. is one of your LinkedIn contacts. I’ve been researching them and it looks like they would benefit from an email marketing campaign like the one I recently completed for you. Would you be willing to make an introduction?
Thanks! Also, we need to get together and catch up. Lunch is on me! Let me know where and when is good for you.
Also, check your clients’ and colleagues’ Facebook profiles and pages, along with Twitter followers. Your efforts might just glean some great contacts.
In addition to social media, consider asking a colleague to bring a potential prospect to one of your presentations or seminars. Or, it could be as simple as getting the three of you together to break some bread (on you, of course).
For a lower key method, consider using some case studies in an email campaign. It should be in a problem, solution, result format. At the end, add in something along the lines of, “Perhaps you or a colleague would benefit from a similar project. If so, give us a ring or email and let’s talk.”
Setting Referrers At Ease
Getting potent referrals requires a couple of other things. First, you need pleased-as-punch clients. So, do great work and always strive to under-promise and over-deliver.
As I mentioned, it’s important to note that giving a referral can often involve a lot of risk on the part of the referrer. They need to be assured that you’ll do as good a job, or better, for their contact as you did for them. Your request puts their reputation on the line.
Yet, for some clients even though you’ve done a stellar job, they may feel more than a bit awkward in talking you up to their contacts. Even worse, they may feel like you’re putting them in the position of being a non-paid salesperson for you. To ease their mind, consider having your client bring their contact to an event you’re hosting or featured at, such as being the speaker. Now there’s some value attached to the introduction.
If you find yourself event-less, a report you wrote or some other special information can also work. It’s a matter of finding a method to authentically add value so the referrer isn’t feeling like you’re putting them on the spot.
Plus, it can also be awkward, let alone ineffective, to spring a referral request on people. When a person is unprepared for the request, it’s tough for them to come up with quality contacts right there and then. Give them a chance to mull it over by preparing them first. During the course of the gig, providing it’s going well, ask them how they feel the project is progressing.
Is it what they expected? Can anything be done to improve things? Finally, ask them if it would be okay to, at a later date, talk with them about others they know who might also benefit from your services. This gives them a chance to think things over and come up, usually, with several contacts that fit your ideals.
Timing Your Requests
It’s said that timing is everything and it’s no different when it comes to referrals.
Obviously, the best time to approach a client or colleague for referrals is at the end of a successful project. You’re fresh on their minds. You’re a hero for pulling off some amazing feat.
Consider making a follow up meeting part of your project process. Although you may have discussed it during the project, ask what they felt went well and what could use improvement. Ask if their expectations were met. Also ask for any specific results they can share about the project. This is handy info for developing case studies. Solid, quantified results give a much sharper edge to case studies. Then ask them who they may know that would also benefit from your services.
After they just told you all the high points of working with you and the incredible results your skills brought to them, singing your praises to others is the next logical step. Manipulative? Sure. But often it’s important to guide your clients and colleagues along a path to get the right type of referral.
Finally, make the quest for referrals a part of your marketing mix. Add these tasks to your calendar and set up reminders. Develop materials your potential referrers can use to provide value in making referrals. Do what you can to ease referral anxiety on the part of your contact. Scour LinkedIn and other social media sites for connections. Whenever possible and appropriate, educate your clients, colleagues and contacts as to what you’re looking for in prospects and referrals.
It may take some time to get your referral system up and running like a well-oiled machine. But, it sure beats sitting at your desk playing Solitaire while waiting for the phone to ring.
What about you? What tools, tactics and strategies have been working for you when it comes to generating referrals?